Biodiversity

Native Flora (Vegetation)

The native vegetation in our local area has been cleared since European settlement. You can help improve habitat for native animals by planting locally native species in your backyard or on your balcony. Burwood Council has compiled a list of locally native plants to help you choose plants that are right for you – please refer to the PDF list below.

Plants that are grown from locally-occurring seed sources are the best choice for maintaining local biodiversity, and these plants can often be found at community nurseries (it's best to call first and check what's available). However, many of the plants on the local planting list can also be purchased from local nurseries.

 

Native Fauna (Animals)

The Burwood Council area is home to many native animals including birds, mammals and reptiles.

Improving Biodiversity in Burwood

Below are some of the things that can be done to help protect biodiversity in the Burwood area and assist to build a sustainable future: 

 

  •  Plant native species as they provide a source of food and offer shelter for local wildlife
  •  Remove exotic weeds from your garden and ensure they are disposed of appropriately.
  •  Be a responsible pet owner by:

         -     ensure your cat wears a bell and is kept inside at night

            -      always picking up after your dog and keeping dogs on a leash or within your property

            -      registering, microchipping, de-sexing and regularly worming your dogs and  cats (registration and microchipping will also help to ensure your pets are returned to you if they are lost)

  • Choose not to use pesticides and chemicals in your garden - fauna can become ill or die if they come in contact with some pesticides and chemicals. Instead choose organic pest and disease control in your garden such as companion planting or planting insect deterring plants. 
  • Remember snakes/lizards and spiders all belong in the ecosystem and it is best to let them be.

 

The list provided is not definitive. Other suitable species may be selected as part of a landscape design, as appropriate, and in accordance with the landscape principles outlined in Council’s Landscaping Code. Burwood Council encourages the use of indigenous plant species (denoted * and/or #).The mature heights provided for each plant is indicative only. The mature height attained by an individual plant is contingent on local environmental conditions including: soil condition, micro climate, watering, solar access and the individual plant’s genetic heritance. Council recommends that advice from a suitably trained horticultural specialist should be sought for the appropriate plant selection suitable to the landscape design. Council accepts no responsibility for damage caused to property or persons attributed to plants selected from the suggested plant list below. 

Native Australian Plants 

* Plants indigenous to the Sydney Region

# Plants indigenous to the Burwood Area

 
Botanical Name Common Name Mature Heights 
Large Trees     
Acmena smithii * Lilly Pilly 8m
Agonis flexuosa Willow myrtle 5 – 8m
Allocasuarina littoralis * Black She Oak 8 – 10m
Allocasuarina torulosa * # Forest Oak 6 – 8m
Corymbia gummifera * Red Bloodwood 12m
Eucalyptus botryoides* Southern Mahogany 10m
Eucalyptus globoidea*# White Stringybark 15m
Eucalyptus paniculata *# Grey Ironbark 10 – 12m
Eucalyptus resinifera *# Red Mahogany 12 – 15m
Eucalyptus piperita * Sydney Peppermint 10m
Eucalyptus punctata * Grey Gum 10m
Eucalyptus robusta * Swamp Mahogany 10m
Eucalyptus sideroxylon * Red Ironbark 10 – 12m
Eucalyptus x ficifolia Summer Red 8m
Flindersia australis Australian Teak 10 – 12m
Glochidion ferdinandii * Cheese Tree 7 – 9m
Lophostemon confertus Brush Box 8 – 10m
Pittosporum rhombifolium Queensland Pittosporum 7 – 8m
Stenocarpus sinuatus Queensland Fire Wheel Tree 8 m
Syncarpia glomulifera *# Turpentine 10 – 12m
Syzygium australe * Brush Cherry 8m
Toona ciliata * Australian Red Cedar 10m
     
Medium and Small Trees    
     
Acacia binervia* Coast Myall 6 – 8m
Backhousia citriodora Lemon-scented Myrtle 8 m
Backhousia myrtifolia* Grey Myrtle 4 – 7m
Banksia integrifolia * Coastal Banksia 7 – 10m
Banksia serrata * Old Man Banksia 8m
Callistemon salignus* White Bottlebrush 7 – 9m
Callistemon viminalis Weeping Bottlebrush 6 – 7m
Ceratopetalum apetalum * Coachwood 7 – 9m
Ceratopetalum gummiferum * NSW Christmas Bush 4 – 7m
Cupaniopsis anacardioides * Tuckeroo 7m
Elaeocarpus eumundii Smooth Leaved Quandong 7 – 8m
Elaeocarpus reticulatus * Blueberry Ash 7m
Harpullia pendula Tulipwood 7 – 8m
Melaleuca ‘ Revolution Green Revolution Green 6 – 8m
Melaleuca ‘ Revolution Gold Revolution Gold 6 – 8m
Melaleuca linariifolia* Snow in Summer 7m
Syzygium luehmannii Small Leaved Lilly Pilly 7 – 8m
Tristaniopsis laurina * Water Gum 6 – 8m
     
Shrubs    
Acacia sophorae* Coast Wattle 1m
Banksia ericifolia * Heath Banksia 4 – 6m
Banksia robour * Swamp Banksia 1 – 2m
Callistemon citrinus* Lemon scented Bottlebrush 6 – 7m
Correa alba* White Correa 0.9 – 1.5m
Dodonaea triquetra * Common Hop Bush 5 – 6m
Grevillea ‘Ivanhoe’ Ivanhoe Grevillea 3m
Grevillea banksii Banks Grevillea 5m
Grevillea hookerana Hooker Grevillea 3m
Grevillea ‘ Moonlight’ Grevillea Moonlight 3 – 4m
Grevillea ‘ Robyn Gordon’ Grevillea Robyn Gordon 2m
Grevillea ‘ Sandra Gordon’ Grevillea Sandra Gordon 2m
Kunzea ambigua * Tickbush 1 – 2m
Leptospermum flavescens * Yellow tea-tree 2 – 4m
Leptospermum scoparium * Tea-tree 2 – 4m
Melaleuca decora* White Feather Honeymyrtle 3m
Melaleuca nodosa* Ball Honeymyrtle 3m
Pultenaea villosa * Bush Pea 1.5m
Westringia fruticosa * Coast Westringia 2m
     
Climbing Plants    
     
Pandorea jasminoides Bower Plant  
Pandorea pandorana * Wonga Wonga Vine  
Cissus antacrtica * Kangaroo Grape  
     
Ground Covering Plants    
     
Brachycome multifida * Cut–leaf Daisy 0.4m
Carpobrotus glaucescens * Pig Face 0.2m
Dichondra repens * Kidney Weed 0.2m
Grevillea ‘Poorinda Royal Mantle’ Royal Mantle Grevillea 0.5m
Hardenbergia violacea *# False Sarsparilla 0.6m
Hibbertia scandens * Golden Guinea Flower 0.5m
Kennedia rubicunda *# Dusky Coral Pea 0.3m
Viola hederacea *# Native Violet 0.2m
     
Ferns and Palms      
Adiantum aethiopicum * Maidenhair Fern 0.5m
Archontophoenix alexandrae Alexandra Palm 10m
Archontophoenix cunninghamiana Bangalow Palm 10m
Asplenium australasicum * Bird’s - nest fern 1m
Cyathea australis * Rough Tree Fern 7m
Cyathea cooperi Lacy Tree Fern 8m
Davallia pyxidata Hairsfoot Fern 0.3 – 0.5m
Dicksonia antarctica Soft Tree Fern 3 – 8m
Doodia aspera Rasp Fern 0.5m
Livistona australis * Cabbage Tree Palm 10 – 15m
Microsorium scandens Fragrant Fern  
Platycerium bifurcatum Elkhorn  
     
Grasses and Clumping Plants    
     
Dianella ‘Little Jess’ Flax Lily 0.3m
Dianella caerulea * Blue Flax Lily 0.5m
Dianella revoluta * Spreading Flax Lily 0.5m
Gahnia sieberiana * Sword Grass 1 – 2m
Lomandra histerix Lomandra 0.4 – 0.8m
Lomandra katrinus Lomandra 0.4 – 0.8m
Lomandra longifolia * Mat Rush 0.4 – 0.8m
Lomandra ‘Tanika’ Lomandra 0.4 – 0.5m
Oplismenus aemulus * Basket Grass  
Stipa ramosissima Stout Bamboo Grass 2m
Themeda australis * Kangaroo Grass 1m
Xanthorrhoea australis * Austral Grass Tree 1 – 3m
  
Acmena smithii *Lilly Pilly8m
Agonis flexuosaWillow myrtle5 – 8m
Allocasuarina littoralis *Black She Oak8 – 10m
Allocasuarina torulosa * #Forest Oak6 – 8m
Corymbia gummifera *Red Bloodwood12m
Eucalyptus botryoides*Southern Mahogany10m
Eucalyptus globoidea*#White Stringybark15m
Eucalyptus paniculata *#Grey Ironbark10 – 12m
Eucalyptus resinifera *#Red Mahogany12 – 15m
Eucalyptus piperita *Sydney Peppermint10m
Eucalyptus punctata *Grey Gum10m
Eucalyptus robusta *Swamp Mahogany10m
Eucalyptus sideroxylon *Red Ironbark10 – 12m
Eucalyptus x ficifoliaSummer Red8m
Flindersia australisAustralian Teak10 – 12m
Glochidion ferdinandii *Cheese Tree7 – 9m
Lophostemon confertusBrush Box8 – 10m
Pittosporum rhombifoliumQueensland Pittosporum7 – 8m
Stenocarpus sinuatusQueensland Fire Wheel Tree8 m
Syncarpia glomulifera *#Turpentine10 – 12m
Syzygium australe *Brush Cherry8m
Toona ciliata *Australian Red Cedar10m
   
Medium and Small Trees  
   
Acacia binervia*Coast Myall6 – 8m
Backhousia citriodoraLemon-scented Myrtle8 m
Backhousia myrtifolia*Grey Myrtle4 – 7m
Banksia integrifolia *Coastal Banksia7 – 10m
Banksia serrata *Old Man Banksia8m
Callistemon salignus*White Bottlebrush7 – 9m
Callistemon viminalisWeeping Bottlebrush6 – 7m
Ceratopetalum apetalum *Coachwood7 – 9m
Ceratopetalum gummiferum *NSW Christmas Bush4 – 7m
Cupaniopsis anacardioides *Tuckeroo7m
Elaeocarpus eumundiiSmooth Leaved Quandong7 – 8m
Elaeocarpus reticulatus *Blueberry Ash7m
Harpullia pendulaTulipwood7 – 8m
Melaleuca ‘ Revolution GreenRevolution Green6 – 8m
Melaleuca ‘ Revolution GoldRevolution Gold6 – 8m
Melaleuca linariifolia*Snow in Summer7m
Syzygium luehmanniiSmall Leaved Lilly Pilly7 – 8m
Tristaniopsis laurina *Water Gum6 – 8m
   
Shrubs  
Acacia sophorae*Coast Wattle1m
Banksia ericifolia *Heath Banksia4 – 6m
Banksia robour *Swamp Banksia1 – 2m
Callistemon citrinus*Lemon scented Bottlebrush6 – 7m
Correa alba*White Correa0.9 – 1.5m
Dodonaea triquetra *Common Hop Bush5 – 6m
Grevillea ‘Ivanhoe’Ivanhoe Grevillea3m
Grevillea banksiiBanks Grevillea5m
Grevillea hookeranaHooker Grevillea3m
Grevillea ‘ Moonlight’ GrevilleaMoonlight3 – 4m
Grevillea ‘ Robyn Gordon’ GrevilleaRobyn Gordon2m
Grevillea ‘ Sandra Gordon’ GrevilleaSandra Gordon2m
Kunzea ambigua *Tickbush1 – 2m
Leptospermum flavescens *Yellow tea-tree2 – 4m
Leptospermum scoparium *Tea-tree2 – 4m
Melaleuca decora*White Feather Honeymyrtle3m
Melaleuca nodosa*Ball Honeymyrtle3m
Pultenaea villosa *Bush Pea1.5m
Westringia fruticosa *Coast Westringia2m
   
Climbing Plants  
   
Pandorea jasminoidesBower Plant 
Pandorea pandorana *Wonga Wonga Vine 
Cissus antacrtica *Kangaroo Grape 
   
Ground Covering Plants  
   
Brachycome multifida *Cut–leaf Daisy0.4m
Carpobrotus glaucescens *Pig Face0.2m
Dichondra repens *Kidney Weed0.2m
Grevillea ‘Poorinda Royal Mantle’Royal Mantle Grevillea0.5m
Hardenbergia violacea *#False Sarsparilla0.6m
Hibbertia scandens *Golden Guinea Flower0.5m
Kennedia rubicunda *#Dusky Coral Pea0.3m
Viola hederacea *#Native Violet0.2m
   
Ferns and Palms   
Adiantum aethiopicum *Maidenhair Fern0.5m
Archontophoenix alexandraeAlexandra Palm10m
Archontophoenix cunninghamianaBangalow Palm10m
Asplenium australasicum *Bird’s - nest fern1m
Cyathea australis *Rough Tree Fern7m
Cyathea cooperiLacy Tree Fern8m
Davallia pyxidataHairsfoot Fern0.3 – 0.5m
Dicksonia antarcticaSoft Tree Fern3 – 8m
Doodia asperaRasp Fern0.5m
Livistona australis *Cabbage Tree Palm10 – 15m
Microsorium scandensFragrant Fern 
Platycerium bifurcatumElkhorn 
   
Grasses and Clumping Plants  
   
Dianella ‘Little Jess’Flax Lily0.3m
Dianella caerulea *Blue Flax Lily0.5m
Dianella revoluta *Spreading Flax Lily0.5m
Gahnia sieberiana *Sword Grass1 – 2m
Lomandra histerixLomandra0.4 – 0.8m
Lomandra katrinusLomandra0.4 – 0.8m
Lomandra longifolia *Mat Rush0.4 – 0.8m
Lomandra ‘Tanika’Lomandra0.4 – 0.5m
Oplismenus aemulus *Basket Grass 
Stipa ramosissimaStout Bamboo Grass2m
Themeda australis *Kangaroo Grass1m
Xanthorrhoea australis *Austral Grass Tree1 – 3m